The North America LNG bunkering market is expected to grow at a CAGR of approximately 27.74% during the forecast period. Factors such as growth in global LNG usage, clean energy demand, and its ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are expected to drive the market during the forecast period. Moreover, the adoption of stricter norms by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) restricted the sulfur oxide (SOx) emissions, which came into force from January 1, 2020, is further expected to bolster the LNG bunkering market in North America. However, the lack of LNG bunkering infrastructure and slow growth of the marine industry is likely to hinder the growth of the market being studied.
- The ferries and OSVs segment is expected to have the largest share in the market during the forecast period, owing to an increasing number of LNG fueled ferries and OSV on order and growth in the use of OSV for construction in offshore locations, in turn augmenting the market growth.
- The rise in international marine trade, leading to the development of sea trade routes is expected to offer ample opportunities for the LNG bunkering market. With the vast gas reserves and availability of technology, the United States and Canada are expected to be the major suppliers of LNG for ships in North Atlantic Ocean, which connects North America with Europe. This in turn, is expected to create opportunities the LNG bunkering market in North America.
- United States is likely to be the largest market in North America during the forecast period, with factors such as increase in the LNG demand to reduce carbon footprint in the shipping industry and government taking initiatives for LNG adaptation bolstering the market.
Key Market Trends
Ferries and OSV Segment to Dominate the Market
- Ferries are vessels used to carry cargoes across the water. A passenger ferry is used as a water bus or water taxi to travel from one place to another. On the other hand, offshore support vessels (OSV) are required during oil exploration and construction work in offshore locations. Moreover, they help in providing necessary supplies while undertaking exploration, drilling, and construction activities.
- These vessels majorly operate on heavy fuel oil and marine gas oil. However, government regulations regarding emission of sulfur, carbon dioxide, and other pollutants have been encouraging the use of LNG as a fuel in the vessels. In the United States, tighter emission control standards, access to LNG from liquefaction or liquefaction-related storage tanks, and port facilities have facilitated the LNG bunkering infrastructure in the country.
- Moreover, there is an increase in the number of ferries and OSVs on order based on LNG fuel. The increasing retrofitting of ferries with the dual-fuel engines has been driving the demand for LNG bunkering services.
- In March 2019, the Canadian firm, BC Ferries, announced to build up to five new LNG powered ferries, primarily to replace four existing vessels, in order to meet the changing travel demands in the near future. The new ferries are expected to enter service by end of 2020.
- Hence, the increasing number of LNG fueled ferries and OSV is expected to drive the demand for LNG fueled ferries and OSVs in North America during the forecast period.
United States to Dominate the Market
- The United States accounted for the majority of the LNG bunkering market, on account of increase in the LNG demand to reduce carbon footprint in the shipping industry. Bunker fuel is primarily used by vessels, such as bulk and general cargo vessels, tankers, container ships, offshore support vessels, and ferries in the country.
- In 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) decreased the permissible sulfur content in marine fuels to 0.5% from a previous 3.5%, to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The date of implementation was announced as January 1, 2020. Owing to the above-mentioned factors, the US LNG bunkering market is expected to witness growth in the coming years, as LNG is likely to be an economic alternative for marine fuel after IMO’s regulation.
- Currently, in the United States, LNG bunkering takes place in Jacksonville, Florida, and Port Fourchon, Los Angeles, with a third facility under development in Tacoma, WA. Bunkering of LNG-fueled cruise ships using barges is planned for Port Canaveral, Florida.
- If LNG producers in the United States can supply a significant share of this market, owing to low LNG production costs, compared to other countries, LNG bunkering could increase the demand for US natural gas production, transportation, and liquefaction. Furthermore, increasing demand can also provide an opportunity for the increase in domestically constructed LNG bunkering barges.
- Moreover, LNG exports from United States has been increasing in the past years, with expansion of existing LNG liquefaction facilities, which is expected to bolster the market.
- Hence, owing to the above mentioned factors, the LNG bunkering market in United States is expected to the largest during the forecast period.
The North America LNG bunkering market is moderately fragmented. Some of the key players are Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Gasum AS, Harvey Gulf International Marine LLC, Total SA, and Nauticor GmbH & Co. KG.
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1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Study Assumptions
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
4 MARKET OVERVIEW
4.2 Market Size and Demand Forecast, in USD billion, till 2025
4.3 Recent Trends and Developments
4.4 Government Policies and Regulations
4.5 Market Dynamics
4.6 Supply Chain Analysis
4.7 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.7.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.7.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.7.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.7.4 Threat of Substitutes Products and Services
4.7.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5 MARKET SEGMENTATION
5.1.1 Tanker Fleet
5.1.2 Container Fleet
5.1.3 Bulk and General Cargo Fleet
5.1.4 Ferries and OSV
5.2.1 United States
5.2.3 Rest of North America
6 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
6.2 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.3 Company Profiles
6.3.1 Royal Dutch Shell PLC
6.3.2 Gasum AS
6.3.3 Harvey Gulf International Marine LLC
6.3.4 Nauticor GmbH & Co. KG
6.3.5 Engie SA
6.3.6 Total SA
6.3.7 Naturgy Energy Group SA
6.3.8 MAN Energy Solutions
6.3.9 Gaztransport & Technigaz SA
7 MARKET OPPORTUNITIES AND FUTURE TRENDS
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